The condition of hypercholesterolaemia involves the slow and progressive deposition of cholesterol in the arterial blood vessel walls, where it causes a progressive loss of elasticity and narrowing of the vessel lumen, with a subsequent reduction in the flow of blood and nutrients downstream of the obstacle, causing the suffering of less-perfused tissues.
Dietary changes are key in correcting high levels of fats in the blood. An appropriate diet should be combined with measures to reduce other risk factors: hypertension, smoking, overweight, diabetes.
The general guidelines to be followed by those with high cholesterol and triglyceride levels are:
- Periodically check the level of cholesterol and fats in the blood;
- Avoid excess weight;
- Reduce simple sugars and increase complex carbohydrates;
- Limit the consumption of foods rich in animal fats and consume foods rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids;
- Follow a fibre-rich diet;
- Exercise regularly, starting off gradually;
- If high blood cholesterol levels persist, follow a course of treatment with natural remedies, and in the most severe forms, follow a course of drug treatment under medical supervision.
To maximise the effect of correcting altered blood fat levels, a complex of ingredients are available which enhance the potential of the individual components. There are several preparations which are particularly interesting, such as Monacolin K extracted from Fermented red rice, Berberine obtained from the bark of Berberis aristata, Bergamot extract, vitamin K2, Coenzyme Q10. To encourage the most effective uptake of these different ingredients, technology makes it possible to have preparations with controlled release of the various components at different times after their intake.